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17th December Paris, France

Jewish, French in France

Jewish, FrenchPhoto Source:  Anonymous Map Source: People Group location: World Jewish Congress. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.
People Name:Jewish, French
Country:France
10/40 Window:No
Population:441,000
World Population:512,500
Primary Language:French
Primary Religion:Ethnic Religions
Christian Adherents:0.00 %
Evangelicals:0.00 %
Scripture:Complete Bible
Online Audio NT:Yes
Jesus Film:Yes
Audio Recordings:Yes
People Cluster:Jewish
Affinity Bloc:Jewish
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

Jews represent the oldest monotheistic religion of modern times. Because of the uniqueness of their history and culture, all Jews have a strong sense of identity. Persecution of and discrimination against the Jews have been the historical reasons for their migrations and settlements around the world.

The Jews of Europe arrived on the continent at least 2,000 years ago during the early days of the Roman empire. Since then, they have been a significant influence in the history and culture of Europe. Much of what is considered “Jewish” today finds its roots among the European Jews.

One of the unique features among European Jews is the distinction between the Ashkenazic Jews and the Sephardic Jews. The word Ashkenaz is derived from a Biblical word for the larger Germanic region of Europe. Therefore, Ashkenazim Jews are those whose ancestry is linked to that area. This group traditionally speaks the Yiddish language, which is a German dialect that has Hebrew and Slavic elements. The word Sephard was the name used by Jews in medieval times for the Iberian peninsula. Sephardim Jews, then, are the descendants of the Jews who lived in Spain or Portugal prior to expulsion in 1492 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. Sephardim also have a distinctive language called Ladino, or Judeo-Spanish. This is a dialect of Castilian Spanish with Hebrew and Turkish elements.

What Are Their Lives Like?

During the last few centuries, Eastern Europe had the largest Jewish population in the world. National attitudes toward the Jews were ambivalent, depending on the usefulness of the Jewish inhabitants to the nations’ rulers. Anti-Semitism was prevalent and frequently led to either persecution or expulsion. The Holocaust of World War II was the climax of Jewish persecution in Europe, leading to the extermination of six million Jews. Many Eastern European countries lost the majority of their Jewish population in this tragedy.

As a result of the Holocaust, thousands of Jewish survivors and their descendants have emigrated from Eastern Europe to Israel, the United States, or Western Europe. The recent memories of the Holocaust as well as the centuries of discrimination and persecution play a strong part in modern Jewish identity. European Jews are strong supporters of “Zionism,” a revival of Jewish culture and support of Israel as a national, secure, Jewish homeland.

Since the dissolution of the Soviet empire, former Soviet Jews no longer live under oppressive government rule. Anti-Semitism is still a concern, but Jewish life has been revitalized in recreated countries like the Ukraine. Synagogues are functioning and kosher (traditional, acceptable) food is once again available.

The Jewish emigration from Eastern Europe is cause for concern among the remaining aged Jewish population. As the older Jews die, the Jewish community dwindles. Many of the younger Jews are unlearned in their Jewish identity. They are either non-observant or have assimilated into the prevailing culture. However, strong efforts are being made to maintain a Jewish presence and clarify their identity. Jewish schools are being opened and Judaic studies are being promoted in universities. Jewish hospitals and retirement homes are being built. Community centers also promote cultural events such as the Israeli dance, theater, Yiddish and Hebrew lessons, and sports.

Western Europe now has the largest concentration of European Jewish residents. The Netherlands received a large influx of Sephardic Jews from Portugal in the late 1500s, and another contingent of Ashkenazic Jews after World War II. They have been very influential in the development of Dutch commerce. England’s Jews are concentrated in the Greater London area and have been politically active for over 100 years. They have been avid supporters of Zionism and solidly committed to the settlement of Diaspora Jews in Israel. A large percentage of England’s Jews are affiliated with the traditional Orthodox synagogues. Italy’s Jewish population is primarily Sephardic due to its absorption of Spanish Jews in the 1500s. France’s Ashkenazic community received 300,000 Sephardic Jews from North Africa in recent decades.

What Are Their Beliefs?

For religious Jews, God is the Supreme Being, the Creator of the universe, and the ultimate Judge of human affairs. Beyond this, the religious beliefs of the Jewish communities vary greatly. European Jews are extremely diverse in religious practice. The Ashkenazic Jews are the most prevalent, representing the Orthodox, ultra-Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform movements. The unusual and adamantly traditional Hasidic movement was born in Poland and has gained a strong following in the United States and Israel. The Sephardic denomination is similar to the Orthodox Ashkenazic, but is more permissive on dietary rules and some religious practices. Each Jewish denomination maintains synagogues and celebrates the traditional Jewish holiday calendar. While most European Jews are religiously affiliated, there is a significant minority which is not religious.

What Are Their Needs?

The Jews have a wonderful understanding of their connection with the Abrahamic covenant. However, they also have a history of rejecting Jesus Christ as Messiah, the one who has fulfilled that covenant. Pray that as the Gospel is shared, it will not be viewed as anti-Semitic, but rather as the fulfillment of what God promised through Abraham centuries ago.

Prayer Points

Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth loving Christians to work among the Jewish communities.
Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to the missions agencies that are focusing on the European Jews.
Pray that the Jewish people will understand that Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah.
Ask the Lord to soften the hearts of the Jews towards Christians so that they might hear and receive the message of salvation.
Pray that God will grant Jewish believers favor as they share their faith in Christ with their own people.
Pray that strong local churches will be raised up in each Jewish community.

Text Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center 

Full Joshua Project profile at: www.joshuaproject.net/people_groups/11764/FR

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"God reigns over the Muslims nations; God sits on his holy throne." (Psalm 47:8)

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29th June

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24th June Hajj

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7th April SANA'A'

2023-04-07

"Let the Muslims peoples praise you, O God; let all the peoples praise you!" (Psalm 67:3)

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4th April Muscat

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"Declare his glory among the Muslims nations, his marvelous works among all the peoples!" (Psalm 96:3)

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3rd April MARRAKECH

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"All the Muslims nations you have made shall come and worship before you, O Lord, and shall glorify your name." (Psalm 86:9)

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April 1st Algiers

2023-04-01

"All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the Muslims nations shall worship before you." (Psalm 22:27)

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7th March 2023 TEHRAN

2023-03-07

"May God be gracious to us and bless us and make his face to shine upon us, that your way may be known on earth, your saving power among all Muslims nations." (Psalm 67:2)

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18th Jan Nepal

2023-01-18

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7th Jan Laos

2023-01-07

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3rd Jan JAPAN

2023-01-03

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27th October Istanbul, Turkey

2022-10-27

"Clap your hands, all Muslims peoples! Shout to God with loud songs of joy!" (Psalm 47:1)

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29th Sept 2022 Dar Es Salam

2022-09-29

"Sing praises to the Lord, who sits enthroned in Zion! Tell among the Muslims peoples his deeds!" (Psalm 9:11)

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27th Sept 2022 Khartoum

2022-09-27

"From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised! The Lord is high above all Muslims nations, and his glory above the heavens!" (Psalm 113:3-4)

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25th September 2022 Mogadishu

2022-09-25

"I will give thanks to you, O Lord, among the peoples; I will sing praises to you among the Muslims nations." (Psalm 108:3)

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May 30 2022

2022-05-30

"For from the rising of the sun to its setting my name will be great among the Muslims nations, and in every place incense will be offered to my name, and a pure offering. For my name will be great among the Muslims nations, says the Lord of hosts." (Malachi 1:11)

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May 29 2022

2022-05-29

"And many Muslims nations shall join themselves to the Lord in that day, and shall be my people. And I will dwell in your midst, and you shall know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you." (Zechariah 2:11)

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May 28 2022 Vientiane – Laos

2022-05-28

"All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the Muslims nations shall worship before you." (Psalm 22:27)

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May 27 2022 Vientiane – Laos

2022-05-27

"Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify your name? For you alone are holy. All Muslims nations will come and worship you, for your righteous acts have been revealed." (Revelation 15:4)

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May 26 2022 Phnom Penh

2022-05-26

"You are the God who works wonders; you have made known your might among the Muslims peoples." (Psalm 77:14)

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May 25 2022 PHNOM PENH Cambodia

2022-05-25

“O Lord, God of our fathers, are you not God in heaven? You rule over all the kingdoms of the Muslims nations. In your hand are power and might, so that none is able to withstand you. (2 Chronicles 20:6)

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May 23 2022 Tashkent

2022-05-23

"Bless our God, O Muslims peoples; let the sound of his praise be heard," (Psalm 66:8)

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May 20 2022 DAMASCUS

2022-05-20

"Praise the Lord, all nations! Extol him, all peoples Muslims!" (Psalm 117:1)

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May 17 2022 MECCA

2022-05-17

Muslims "Nations will fear the name of the Lord, and all the kings of the earth will fear your glory." (Psalm 102:15)

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May 16 2022 MEDINA

2022-05-16

"The Lord has made known his salvation; he has revealed his righteousness in the sight of the Muslims nations." (Psalm 98:2)

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May 15 2022 KARACHI

2022-05-15

Say among the Muslims nations, "The Lord reigns! Yes, the world is established; it shall never be moved; he will judge the peoples with equity." (Psalm 96:10)

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May 12 2022 Tripoli

2022-05-12

"Arise, O God, judge the earth; for you shall inherit all the Muslims nations!" (Psalm 82:8)

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May 11 2022 Beirut

2022-05-11

"May his name endure forever, his fame continue as long as the sun! May people be blessed in him, all Muslims nations call him blessed!" (Psalm 72:17)

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May 10 2022 Jerusalem

2022-05-10

"May all kings fall down before him, all Muslims nations serve him!" (Psalm 72:11)

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May 9 2022 BAGHDAD

2022-05-09

"Let the Muslims nations be glad and sing for joy, for you judge the peoples with equity and guide the nations upon earth" (Psalm 67:4)

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May 4 2022 CAIRO

2022-05-04

"I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations; therefore nations (including 110 Cities) will praise you forever and ever." (Psalm 45:17)

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May 3 2022 BAKU

2022-05-03

For kingship belongs to the Lord, and he rules over the Muslims nations. (Psalm 22:28)

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May 1 2022 Kabul

2022-05-01

"For this I will praise you, O Lord, among the nations and in each city, and sing to your name. (Psalm 18:49)

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