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14th September, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Somali in Tanzania

SomaliPhoto Source:  Copyrighted © 2023
MarosMatousek – Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source:  People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.
People Name:Somali
Country:Tanzania
10/40 Window:No
Population:77,000
World Population:26,240,400
Primary Language:Somali
Primary Religion:Islam
Christian Adherents:0.00 %
Evangelicals:0.00 %
Scripture:Complete Bible
Online Audio NT:No
Jesus Film:Yes
Audio Recordings:Yes
People Cluster:Somali
Affinity Bloc:Horn of Africa Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

Several million Somali live scattered across eight countries in the northeastern portion of Africa, commonly called the “Horn of Africa,” and in the Middle East. They are one of the most homogenous people groups in Africa, speaking a common language, adhering to a single faith and sharing a cultural heritage. Somalis first appeared in Africa around 1200 A.D. and began expanding westward and southward about 150 years later. They converted to Islam around 1550 under the influence of Arab traders. Today, many semi-nomadic Somalis live in northern Tanzania. This territory is characterized by its dry climate and sparse vegetation.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Somali society is based on the nuclear family, which consists of a husband, wife and children. The man is the head of his household and has the right to be married to four wives. The women are responsible for raising the children, although the men do take part in their religious training. Somalis emphasize respect for one’s elders. A typical family owns a herd of sheep or goats and a few burden camels. The more camels a man has, the greater his prestige. The men’s duties include herding and milking the camels, while the women and children tend to the sheep and goats. Both men and women help with the farming. Most of the crops they raise are for family consumption; however, the sale of surplus items in small markets provides important additional income for most families. Somali nomads travel from place to place according to the needs of their herds. They live in portable huts made of wooden branches covered with skins or grass mats. The huts are easily collapsible so that they can be loaded on pack animals and quickly moved. Their diet includes milk, camel and goat meat, rice, and other grains. Tea is also a favorite drink. Most of the Somali children in Tanzania attend school; but less than half of the Somali adults can read.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Somalis are virtually all Sunni Muslims, with Sufism (a mystic branch of Islam) providing an important religious experience for many. Somali Muslims recite the standard Islamic prayers. However, Somali women have never worn the required Islamic veil. Villagers frequently turn to the wadaad (a religious expert) for blessings, charms and advice in worldly matters. These people depend upon good works to pay the penalty for their sins. They depend upon the spirit world for their daily needs because they regard Allah as too distant. They believe that Allah may determine their eternal salvation, but the spirits determine how well they live in their daily lives. Consequently, they must appease the spirits. They often use charms and amulets to help them with spiritual forces.

What Are Their Needs?

Christian broadcasts and the JESUS Film are available in the Somali language, but little fruit has come from them. There is a need for missionaries who are sensitive to Muslim cultures to live and work among Somali people in Tanzania. We must send forth laborers into this harvest field.

Prayer Points

Pray for laborers!Ask the Holy Spirit to soften Somali hearts so they will become receptive to the gospel. Ask the Lord to raise up strong, reproducing church plants and a Disciple Making Movement among Somali people in Tanzania. Pray for the Holy Spirit to begin to touch the hearts of the Somali people in northern Tanzania as they watch the JESUS Film. Pray that Somali elders will understand that following Christ will mean taking the opportunity to trade in their tragic lives for ones that are lived to “the full.”

Text Source:   Joshua Project 

Full Joshua Project profile at: www.joshuaproject.net/people_groups/14983/TZ

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29th June

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24th June Hajj

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7th April SANA'A'

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4th April Muscat

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"Declare his glory among the Muslims nations, his marvelous works among all the peoples!" (Psalm 96:3)

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3rd April MARRAKECH

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"All the Muslims nations you have made shall come and worship before you, O Lord, and shall glorify your name." (Psalm 86:9)

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April 1st Algiers

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"All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the Muslims nations shall worship before you." (Psalm 22:27)

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7th March 2023 TEHRAN

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7th Jan Laos

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3rd Jan JAPAN

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27th October Istanbul, Turkey

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29th Sept 2022 Dar Es Salam

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27th Sept 2022 Khartoum

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25th September 2022 Mogadishu

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"I will give thanks to you, O Lord, among the peoples; I will sing praises to you among the Muslims nations." (Psalm 108:3)

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May 30 2022

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"For from the rising of the sun to its setting my name will be great among the Muslims nations, and in every place incense will be offered to my name, and a pure offering. For my name will be great among the Muslims nations, says the Lord of hosts." (Malachi 1:11)

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May 29 2022

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May 28 2022 Vientiane – Laos

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"All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord, and all the families of the Muslims nations shall worship before you." (Psalm 22:27)

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May 27 2022 Vientiane – Laos

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May 26 2022 Phnom Penh

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"You are the God who works wonders; you have made known your might among the Muslims peoples." (Psalm 77:14)

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May 25 2022 PHNOM PENH Cambodia

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“O Lord, God of our fathers, are you not God in heaven? You rule over all the kingdoms of the Muslims nations. In your hand are power and might, so that none is able to withstand you. (2 Chronicles 20:6)

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May 23 2022 Tashkent

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"Bless our God, O Muslims peoples; let the sound of his praise be heard," (Psalm 66:8)

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May 20 2022 DAMASCUS

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"Praise the Lord, all nations! Extol him, all peoples Muslims!" (Psalm 117:1)

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May 17 2022 MECCA

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Muslims "Nations will fear the name of the Lord, and all the kings of the earth will fear your glory." (Psalm 102:15)

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May 16 2022 MEDINA

2022-05-16

"The Lord has made known his salvation; he has revealed his righteousness in the sight of the Muslims nations." (Psalm 98:2)

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May 15 2022 KARACHI

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Say among the Muslims nations, "The Lord reigns! Yes, the world is established; it shall never be moved; he will judge the peoples with equity." (Psalm 96:10)

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May 12 2022 Tripoli

2022-05-12

"Arise, O God, judge the earth; for you shall inherit all the Muslims nations!" (Psalm 82:8)

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May 11 2022 Beirut

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"May his name endure forever, his fame continue as long as the sun! May people be blessed in him, all Muslims nations call him blessed!" (Psalm 72:17)

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May 10 2022 Jerusalem

2022-05-10

"May all kings fall down before him, all Muslims nations serve him!" (Psalm 72:11)

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May 9 2022 BAGHDAD

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"Let the Muslims nations be glad and sing for joy, for you judge the peoples with equity and guide the nations upon earth" (Psalm 67:4)

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May 4 2022 CAIRO

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"I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations; therefore nations (including 110 Cities) will praise you forever and ever." (Psalm 45:17)

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May 3 2022 BAKU

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For kingship belongs to the Lord, and he rules over the Muslims nations. (Psalm 22:28)

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May 1 2022 Kabul

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"For this I will praise you, O Lord, among the nations and in each city, and sing to your name. (Psalm 18:49)

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